A candidate wanted 50% of the entire votes to win outright the competition held amid a polarized atmosphere and rising discontent over rising inequality and inflation.
Regardless of who wins June 19, the South American nation lengthy ruled by conservatives or moderates will see a dramatic shift in presidential politics.
Petro has promised to make vital changes to the economic system, together with tax reform, and to alter how Colombia fights drug cartels and different armed teams. Hernández, whose spot within the runoff contest got here as a shock, has few connections to political events and guarantees to scale back wasteful authorities spending and to supply rewards for individuals who report corrupt officers.
Taking a look at areas the place Hernández received in a few of the most conventional heartland departments, “the rejection of the established order even amongst lots of the most conservative Colombians … actually does present a disgust with the standard workings of Colombian politics,” stated Adam Isacson, an knowledgeable on Colombia on the Washington Workplace on Latin America suppose tank.
Petro’s predominant rival for a lot of the marketing campaign was Federico Gutierrez, a former mayor of Medellin who was seen because the continuity candidate and ran on a pro-business, financial progress platform. However Hernández started to maneuver up strongly in current polls heading into the election.
There was a collection of leftist political victories in Latin America as individuals search change at a time of dissatisfaction with the financial scenario. Chile, Peru and Honduras elected leftist presidents in 2021, and in Brazil, former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is main the polls for this 12 months’s presidential election. Mexico elected a leftist president in 2018.
“The principle downside within the nation is the inequality of situations, the work just isn’t properly paid,” stated Jenny Bello, who bought espresso close to a protracted line of voters underneath a typical cloudy sky within the capital of Bogotá. She needed to resort to casual gross sales after months with out work due to the pandemic.
This was the second presidential election held for the reason that authorities signed in 2016 a peace settlement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, referred to as FARC for its initials in Spanish. However the divisive settlement was not a predominant concern through the marketing campaign, which centered on poverty, inflation and different challenges exacerbated by the pandemic.
It’s Petro’s third try and develop into president. He was defeated in 2018 by Iván Duque, who was not eligible to seekr re-election.
“What’s in dispute right this moment is change. The political events allied to the federal government of Duque, his political mission, has been defeated in Colombia,” Petro informed his supporters as they celebrated at his marketing campaign headquarters in Bogotá. “Colombia’s complete vote launches that message to the world: A interval is ending; an period is ending.”
A victory for Petro would usher in a brand new political period in a rustic that has lengthy marginalized the left resulting from its perceived affiliation with the nation’s armed battle. He was as soon as a insurgent with the now-defunct M-19 motion and was granted amnesty after being jailed for his involvement with the group.
“The peace accords of 2016 actually broke the hyperlink between left politics and guerrillas/terrorists,” Isacson stated. “I believe individuals all of a sudden realized they may very well be very essential of the prevailing system with out being painted as a guerrilla.”
However in an indication of the resistance to a leftist authorities, Gutierrez endorsed Hernández shortly after he was unnoticed of the runoff.
“Realizing that our place is decisive for the way forward for Colombia, we’ve decided … we don’t wish to lose the nation,” Gutierrez stated, including that he would assist Hernández as a result of he doesn’t wish to put Colombia “in danger.”
Petro has promised to make vital changes to the economic system, together with a tax reform, in addition to adjustments to how Colombia fights drug cartels and different armed teams.
Hernández, the previous mayor of the north-central metropolis of Bucaramanga, surged in current polls with guarantees to “clear” the nation of corruption and to donate his wage.
“Now, we enter the second interval, and these subsequent few days will probably be decisive in figuring out the way forward for the nation,” Hernández stated in a livestream after early outcomes confirmed he superior to the runoff. He stated he stays agency on his dedication to finish “corruption as a system of presidency.”
A Gallup ballot carried out earlier this month stated 75% of Colombians consider the nation is heading within the mistaken route and solely 27% approve of Duque. A ballot final 12 months by Gallup discovered 60% of these questioned had been discovering it onerous to get by on their earnings.
The pandemic set again the nation’s anti-poverty efforts by not less than a decade. Official figures present that 39% of Colombia’s 51.6 million residents lived on lower than $89 a month final 12 months, which has a slight enchancment from 42.5% in 2020.
Inflation reached its highest ranges in twenty years final month. Duque’s administration stated April’s 9.2% price was a part of a world inflationary phenomenon, however the argument did nothing to tame discontent over rising meals costs.
“The vote serves to alter the nation and I believe that this duty falls rather a lot on younger individuals who wish to attain requirements that enable us to have a good life,” stated Juan David González, 28, who voted for the second time in a presidential election.
Along with financial challenges, Colombia’s subsequent president can even must face a posh safety concern and corruption, which is a high concern of voters.
The Pink Cross final 12 months concluded Colombia reached its highest stage of violence within the final 5 years. Though the peace settlement with the FARC has been applied, the territories and drug-trafficking routes that it as soon as managed are in dispute between different armed teams such because the Nationwide Liberation Military, or ELN, a guerrilla based within the Nineteen Sixties, FARC dissidents and the Gulf Clan cartel.
Duque’s successor must determine whether or not to renew peace talks with the ELN, which he suspended in 2019 after an assault killed greater than 20 individuals.
“Corruption in state entities is the principle downside within the nation,” Édgar González stated after voting in Bogotá. “… A really large change is going down within the nation’s politics and if all of us train the precise we’re going to obtain that change.”
Garcia Cano reported from Caracas, Venezuela.