Earlier peace talks between the Colombian authorities and insurgent teams have included the participation of “guarantor nations” which have acted as observers of the negotiations and supported each side with logistics.
Venezuela was a guarantor nation in a earlier spherical of negotiations between Colombia and the Nationwide Liberation Military, or ELN, that started in 2016. However the Colombian authorities requested the Maduro administration to step down from that function in 2018, as political tensions elevated between the international locations. The next yr Venezuela broke off diplomatic relations with Colombia after its authorities participated in a U.S.-led effort to power Maduro out of workplace.
Petro has begun to normalize relations with Venezuela since he was elected earlier this yr and have become Colombia’s first leftist president.
Diplomatic relations have been re-established and the border between each nations will probably be reopened to cargo vehicles later this month.
The Nationwide Liberation Military operates alongside each side of the porous 1,500-mile lengthy border between each nations. In a report printed earlier this yr, Human Rights Watch mentioned that some division of Venezuela’s navy had carried out joint operations with the Nationwide Liberation Military in opposition to one other group of rebels working inside Venezuela, to be able to get hold of management of drug trafficking routes.
The Venezuelan authorities has denied claims that it helps the Nationwide Liberation Military.