Which countries will King Charles III reign over? | Explainer News


Accession of King Charles III has led to renewed calls in Caribbean nations to take away the monarch as their head of state.

The dying of Queen Elizabeth II has sparked an outpouring of condolences from all over the world, however in some former colonies, questions are being raised concerning the monarchy’s future.

The accession of King Charles III to the British throne has renewed calls from politicians and activists within the Caribbean to take away him as their head of state.

We check out the talk happening across the Commonwealth.

What are the Commonwealth and the realm?

  • The Commonwealth is a political affiliation of 56 countries, principally former British colonies.

  • The voluntary affiliation covers 2.5 billion individuals throughout the globe. Togo and Gabon turned the most recent members this yr, regardless of by no means having been underneath British rule.
  • Of these 56 nations, 14 are a part of the commonwealth realm; these nations still keep King Charles as their monarch.

  • Along with the UK, these nations embrace Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.

  • The opposite nations turned impartial after Queen Elizabeth II took the throne in 1952, and lots of have since thrown off the monarchy, however she noticed the Commonwealth as a strategy to preserve the varied nations collectively.

  • At a summit in 2018, Commonwealth leaders confirmed that Charles would observe her as head of the organisation when she died.

  • Nonetheless, requires change are rising amid the Commonwealth realm, and a few nations have expressed curiosity in changing into a republic.

Which nations are contemplating a change?

  • Antigua and Barbuda, Jamica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

  • Shortly after Charles was confirmed king of Antigua and Barbuda, Prime Minister Gaston Browne mentioned he meant to carry a republic referendum “inside the subsequent three years”.

  • “This isn’t an act of hostility or any distinction between Antigua and Barbuda and the monarchy, however it’s the closing step to finish that circle of independence,” he informed broadcaster ITV Information.

  • Requires change are additionally rising in Jamaica, the place Prime Minister Andrew Holness informed Charles’ son William in March that the nation was “transferring on” as an impartial nation.

  • An August survey confirmed 56 % of Jamaicans favour eradicating the British monarch as the top of state.

  • In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves proposed a referendum in July however mentioned he would solely pursue it if there may be bipartisan help.

  • The royals have mentioned they’d not stand in its method.

  • “I wish to say clearly, as I’ve mentioned earlier than, that every member’s Constitutional association, as republic or monarchy, is only a matter for every member nation to determine,” Charles mentioned at a Commonwealth summit in June this yr.

Which nations wish to stay the identical?

  • Up to now, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu.

  • New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern mentioned on Monday her authorities is not going to pursue changing into a republic following the dying of Queen Elizabeth II.

  • Ardern mentioned she thought New Zealand will ultimately grow to be a republic, and it might most likely occur inside her lifetime, however that there have been extra urgent points for her authorities.

  • In Canada, republicans are in a minority, and on Saturday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau affirmed the nation’s loyalty to the brand new king.

  • “On behalf of the Authorities of Canada, we affirm our loyalty to Canada’s new king, his majesty King Charles III, and supply him our full help,” Trudeau mentioned.

  • The query of Australia changing into a republic is a hotly debated subject, with polls over time displaying near-equal help for each the monarchists and republicans.

  • Australia held a referendum on changing into a republic in 1999, which was narrowly defeated.

  • Requested in a radio interview if the Queen’s dying takes Australia nearer to being a republic, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese mentioned it was not the time to speak about it.

  • Leaders in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu have expressed their help for the monarchy in current days.

What’s the place of the 5 remaining nations?

  • The 5 remaining nations are Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Lucia.

  • The choice of Barbados to ditch the queen as head of state in November 2021 was seen as a lift for the republican trigger, and Belize has mentioned it needs to observe swimsuit.

  • Within the Bahamas, following a go to by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prime Minister Phillip Davis mentioned he hopes that in the course of the celebrations of the fiftieth anniversary of independence, “there’s a energetic dialogue and debate about our future: about who we’re and what we wish to be.”

  • In Grenada, individuals have additionally questioned the crown’s position within the nation and Arley Grill, the chairman of Grenada’s Nationwide Reparations Committee, mentioned early this yr that the monarchy has misplaced “its relevance and significance.”

  • In April, Saint Kitts and Nevis additionally indicated their intention to revise the connection with the monarchy.

  • “The development of the many years has taught us that the time has come for St Kitts and Nevis to evaluation its monarchical system of presidency and to start the dialogue to advance to a brand new standing,” Shawn Richards, the deputy prime minister, mentioned.

  • And in Saint Lucia, there have additionally been calls to grow to be a republic. In April, former Prime Minister Allen Chastanet mentioned he supported these calls.

  • “I definitely consider, like many different individuals, the time has come to make that change in changing into a republic,” he mentioned.

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